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Generally, wine and fish can be paired quite nicely. In California wine country, however, the relationship between the two has not been so harmonious. New research has found a correlation between markedly higher death rates in steelhead trout with lowered summer water levels and the amount of vineyard acreage upstream.
The study, conducted by biologists at UC Berkeley, discovered that the fish are especially vulnerable during the drier months of summer. They found only 30 percent of the juvenile trout present in June survived to see the end of the season. The number of surviving fish increases in years with more rainfall and in watersheds with less vineyard activity.
"Nearly all of California's salmon and trout populations are on the path to extinction and if we're going to bring these fish back to healthy levels, we have to change the way we manage our water," said Theodore Grantham, lead author of the study in Science Daily. "Water withdrawals for agricultural uses can reduce or eliminate the limited amount of habitat available to sustain these cold-water fish through the summer. I don't suggest we get rid of vineyards, but we do need to focus our attention on water management strategies that reduce summer water use. I believe we can protect flows for fish and still have our glass of wine."
California has long been recognized for producing some of the finest wines in the world. Now there’s a new campaign that shines a spotlight on the wealth of sustainable winemaking practices throughout the state.
A host of winemakers and growers have come together for "California Wines: Down to Earth,” a month-long and statewide event that will include eco-focused vineyard tours and wine tastings, “green wine trails,” hands-on workshops and wine and food festivals to celebrate Earth Day, which falls on Sunday, April 22 this year.
"These experiences make April a great time to learn about our California wines and the environmentally and community-friendly practices used to grow and produce them," said Robert P. Koch, president and CEO of Wine Institute (who created the campaign) in a press release. "More than two-thirds of California's wine-grape growers and winemakers have adopted our sustainable program and participation is increasing, making ours one of the most widely adopted in the wine world."