Photo by John Moore/Getty Images
A man waits to be processed at a U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention facility in Arizona.
It was the Obama administration's strategic trade-off on immigration: A stepped-up approach to enforcement which, the President hoped, would help win over Republican lawmakers for bipartisan support of a sweeping overhaul of the nation's immigration system.
In the end, with insufficient support for anything broader, the only thing to stick this year has been the enforcement. The Obama administration has deported nearly 800,000 immigrants in the past two years, more than during any other two-year period in the nation's history.
The exact numbers for this year have been disputed: The record figure released last fall of more than more than 392,000 deportations in fiscal year 2010, which topped the 2009 record, turned out to include more than 19,000 immigrants removed the previous fiscal year, as well as a small number of repatriations that would normally have been counted by the U.S. Border Patrol.
Photo by Eric White/Flickr (Creative Commons)
A stretch of border fence through the desert, Imperial Sand Dunes, California.
As the 111th U.S. Congress heads out the door without an immigration overhaul to its credit and a new Republican-led House takes over in January, what happens now?
In recent days, a series of requiems have emerged for the broad reforms that were promised by the Obama administration, as have predictions of two years of enforcement-based immigration measures.
Here are a few selections:
The Washington Post published an essay by University of Southern California journalism and public policy professor Roberto Suro, former director of the Pew Hispanic Center, titled "A lost decade for immigration reform." From the piece:
Like so much else about the past decade, things didn't go well. Immigration policy got kicked around a fair bit, but next to nothing got accomplished. Old laws and bureaucracies became increasingly dysfunctional. The public grew anxious. The debates turned repetitive, divisive and sterile.
El Salvador: 3 migrants abducted in Mexico, 5 flee - The Associated Press El Salvador's foreign ministry reports that nine migrants were kidnapped from a train in Mexico last week; five escaped, one died and three are missing.
What Happened in 2010: Immigration - WNYC A timeline of immigration-related milestones from last January to the present.
Rep. Peter King to Ramp Up Immigration Crackdown - Fox News Latino The New York congressman and soon-to-be chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee plans to push for tighter border security.
More States Seeking to Follow Arizona's Push for Tougher Immigration Rules - Bloomberg Dozens of state legislators around the country are drafting laws that empower police to check for immigration status, similar to Arizona's SB 1070.
U.S. must provide incapacitated immigrants with lawyers, judge rules - Los Angeles Times A U.S. district court judge has ruled that two mentally disabled immigrants from Southern California who are fighting deportation must be given lawyers.
Immigration has been one of the biggest topics in the news this year, pretty much as it has been nearly every year during the past decade. This year was of special interest, however, not only in terms of what happened (as in Arizona's partial enactment of its precedent-setting SB 1070), but also because of what didn't happen, as in the recent defeat of the Dream Act.
This week I'll be highlighting the top five immigration stories of 2010. This is only my list - everyone who is affected by or follows immigration issues will likely have his or her own list of the most important stories, as there are many of them. But here are the biggest stories as I've observed them this year, starting with this one:
#5: The Tamaulipas migrant massacre
Last week, when the Mexican government admitted that it was investigating the reported kidnapping of 50 Central American migrants earlier this month in the southern state of Chiapas, the news recalled a disturbing story from earlier this year: The tragic kidnapping and mass murder of 72 Central and South American migrants last August by drug cartel soldiers in the border state of Tamaulipas.