How immigrants are redefining 'American' in Southern California

Ibarra vs. Abuelita on a cold night

Photo by Leslie Berestein Rojas/KPCC

Hexagonal cinnamony chocolate goodness times two, December 2010

It's late at night and hot chocolate calls - which to choose? After faithfully buying Ibarra for as long as I can remember, I have found myself with the two leading rivals in the Mexican hot chocolate market (stateside, at least) in my kitchen, after receiving some Abuelita as a gift.

For whatever reason I decided to browse around a bit online on the two brands and came away with a virtual war of opinions (an example from Yahoo! Mexico), along with this amusing OC Weekly piece and, of all things, a recipe for brownies using Ibarra. Who would have thought? It has also left me wondering where I can find the Mayordomo brand from Oaxaca in L.A.

The only obvious difference in the list of ingredients between Ibarra and Abuelita is "artificial flavor" (for shame, Abuelita) vs. "cinnamon flavor" (Ibarra), though it might just be the same thing. Abuelita is owned by Nestlé, but both brands are made in Mexico. And there is no Swiss Miss or single-estate boutique chocolate anything that can compare with their cinnamony goodness.


Making sense of the census: Population growth and Latino political clout

U.S. Census Bureau

So this we know from the 2010 Census, the initial results of which were released today: There are now 308,745,538 people believed to be living in the United States. California remains the nation's most populous state, though its population only grew by 10 percent since 2000, not enough for the state to gain any new seats in Congress. The bulk of the population growth is concentrated in the West and South, with Nevada (up 35 percent) and Texas (up 20 percent) among the big population winners.

The U.S. Census Bureau has yet to release specifics on race and ethnicity. However, much is already being made of the population growth in terms of growing Latino political influence, since some of the states with the most growth, and which will gain representation, are also states with large numbers of Latino residents. The growth in states that tend to vote Republican has been described in some early reports as a hands-down gain for the GOP, but the ethnic factor provides an intriguing wrinkle. Here are a few stories that help put the data in ethnic/political perspective:


Q&A: UCSD immigration expert Wayne Cornelius on why the Dream Act went down

Photo by Leslie Berestein Rojas/KPCC

Participants in a vigil and rally for the Dream Act in downtown Los Angeles earlier this month

The defeat in the Senate last Saturday of the Dream Act, which would have granted conditional legal status to qualifying undocumented college students, graduates and military hopefuls who arrived here before age 16, was just the most recent action on a proposal that has been circulating for nearly a decade. And each time it has come up for a vote, UC San Diego's Wayne Cornelius has followed it, as he has every other federal immigration proposal that has come and gone since then.

Cornelius is one of the nation's leading scholars on immigration and U.S.-Mexico border issues, a political scientist and director emeritus of UCSD's Center for Comparative Immigration Studies. He is now associate director of the university's Center of Expertise on Migration and Health.

After years of observing the politics of immigration, Cornelius has his own take on why the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (DREAM) Act failed this time around, in spite of unprecedented student activism and a streamlining of the bill that allowed it to clear the House. He shares his opinion on the Obama administration's strategy of pushing tough enforcement as a means to win support for broader immigration reform, a strategy he believes is doomed to fail.


In the news this morning: The 2010 Census and minorities, deportations raise questions, more

As U.S. becomes more diverse, Hispanics flourish - Reuters According to data emerging from the 2010 U.S. Census, Latinos are leading a transformation of the country, with ethnic and racial minorities expected to become the majority by mid-century.

Arturo Vargas: New Census Numbers Portend Significant Latino Role - Huffington Post The executive director of the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials on how the demographic changes stand to influence politics.

Obama talks immigration strategy with lawmakers - USA Today President Obama met this morning with members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus. The administration says it is not giving up on an immigration reform bill, despite this weekend's defeat of the Dream Act.

Disparities in deportation program raise questions - The Washington Post Though the Obama administration has promised to focus its immigration enforcement efforts on criminals, a quarter of those who have been deported through a program called Secure Communities have no criminal record.


After the Dream Act vote, a few more good reads

Photo by Leslie Berestein Rojas/KPCC

A sign at a Dream Act rally in Los Angeles last summer

With the amount of student activism surrounding it and the coverage it has received, the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act, otherwise known as the Dream Act, has perhaps been the biggest immigration story of 2010.

The bill, which would have provided conditional legal status for qualifying undocumented youths who attended college or joined the military, won House approval earlier this month but died during a Senate procedural vote Saturday morning, after falling five votes short of the necessary 60 needed for cloture.

And following its defeat, there has been no shortage of news, analysis, and discussion. Here are a few interesting items related to the bill that I've come across in the past couple of days:

  • The New York Times had a good analysis of how the Obama administration's tougher immigration policies - including a record number of deportations - failed to achieve the objective of winning over Republican support for the trade-off, i.e. a comprehensive overhaul of the immigration system. The Dream Act was considered "the easiest piece to pass."

  • ColorLines had a feature on the student movement that helped make the Dream Act the story of the year, bringing new attention to proposed legislation that has circulated for nearly a decade. The hallmark of this activism has been undocumented students going public with their status, risking deportation in the process. "That the DREAM Act made it as far as it did in 2010 is a testament to a national, youth-led grassroots movement," the story reads.

  • The Atlantic Wire posted five different takes from five different pundits on the legislation, its defeat, and its political fallout. Call it a roundup within a roundup.

  • Latino Decisions pollster Matt Barreto wrote about how those who voted against the bill may have trouble with Latino voters in the next election. "As the 2012 election cycle takes shape, and the issues are defined and debated, it is unlikely that votes on the DREAM Act will be forgotten by Latino voters, 88% of whom supported the bill's passage," he wrote.

  • The U.S. Senate website lists the roll call of votes from Saturday. The votes (55 in favor, 41 against) fell mostly along partisan lines, although three Republicans voted for the bill, and five Democrats voted against it.