Photo by Danbury Public Library/Flickr (Creative Commons)
A Hispanic Heritage Month poster outside a public library, September 2009
Now that it's officially Hispanic Heritage Month as of yesterday, it's time to explain just what HHM is and where it comes from, along with all the very mixed feelings that come with it.
It started in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week, a product of the Lyndon B. Johnson administration, and was later expanded in 1988 under the Reagan administration to a 30-day period starting Sept. 15 and Oct. 15. The starting date was chosen to correspond with the Sept. 15 date on which several Latin American countries celebrate their independence from Spanish colonization: El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras and Costa Rica. Other countries also celebrate their independence in September, including Mexico (Sept. 16) and Chile (Sept. 18).
The intention isn't a bad one: As the official government website puts it, "Each year, Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month...by celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America."
YouTube - Raw Video: Mexico Celebrates Bicentennial (youtube.com)
Pass the DREAM Act - CNN.com (edition.cnn.com)
A cooler disposition around MacArthur Park - latimes.com (Los Angeles Times)
Mexico bicentennial: The more colorful aspects of Mexico's history - latimes.com (Los Angeles Times)
How Kids Get Clobbered by Racial Discrimination – TIME Healthland (healthland.time.com)
U.S. authorities honor Tijuana's top cop for driving down border crime | La Plaza | Los Angeles Times (latimesblogs.latimes.com)
On the occasion of Mexico's bicentennial, the national daily El Universal daily has posted a list of the top 10 "most Mexican" songs as selected by its readers, along with classic videos of these gems as performed by Jorge Negrete, Pedro Infante, Lola Beltrán, Lucha Villa and others. There are the standards ("Mexico Lindo y Querido") as well as at least one great drinking song ("El Rey" by the legendary José Alfredo Jiménez, one of my favorites).
How and why is a Cuban-American writer from L.A. into old Mexican music? As I mentioned in an earlier post today, Mexico is one of the great cultural hubs of Latin America, which means that as children in Cuba (another great cultural hub), my parents were growing up as much on Mexican cowboy films and rancheras as they were on mambo and son. I fell in love with the Mexican classics as a kid when I first heart a scratchy recording of "El Jinete," a quintessentially Mexican song by Jiménez, one of the nation's great all-time bards, about love and death as experienced by a grieving, wandering horseman.
Photo by Leslie Berestein Rojas/KPCC
A sign parodying the famous immigrant highway-crossing sign, outside a DREAM Act rally in Los Angeles last month
The less-known military component of the DREAM Act is proving to be its saving grace this week: Yesterday, Democratic Senate Majority Leader Sen. Harry Reid announced that next week he will offer the legislation as an amendment to a Defense Department authorization bill, pushing the long-proposed immigration legislation toward a Senate vote.
Why add the DREAM Act to a defense bill? The Development, Relief and Education of Alien Minors Act, while it is primarily seen as providing a path to legalization to undocumented youths who attend college, also allows youths who join the military to qualify for legal status.
The proposed legislation is mentioned as the "DREAM initiative" in a U.S. Department of Defense strategic plan for 2010 through 2012. From the plan, in a section that addresses recruiting goals:
The culture blog Remezcla has had a series of "especial bicentenario" (bicentennial special) posts the past week honoring some of the quirkier aspects of Mexican culture, especially those unique terms that I find even funner than Cuban terms, if that is possible.
Today's entry is "Word of the Day: Madre" (and no, in this case, it doesn't mean mother). From the post:
Definitions of MADRE
1. foul smell
2. an intense exclamation of surprise or irritation
3. an expression of approval
4. of or referring to an object
Examples of MADRE
1. Apestas a madre! (You reek!)
2. Que madres estas haciendo? (What the heck are you doing?!)
3. A toda madre! (That’s awesome!)
4. Que son estas madres? (What is all this junk?)
The other word-of-the day entries are funny as well, though I'm best off not saying them if I'm to remain G-rated.