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CDCR Secretary Matt Cate has said he wants to increase prisoner rehabilitation and that prisons have been so overcrowded that it's been difficult to identify and deliver inmates' needs. (Photo by Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)
Much sentencing law rests on a simple premise: people who've committed more than one crime are more likely to reoffend, so they deserve harsher punishment. That concept is at the root of California's Three Strikes law that gives prosecutors and judges one way (among several) to sentence repeat offenders to longer terms.
Under Three Strikes, the courts can double the sentence for anyone who commits a serious or violent felony if he or she commits a new felony, regardless of its severity. A person who commits two serious or violent felonies can be sentenced to 25 years to life in prison for any third felony.
In November, with Proposition 36, California voters will consider a change to the law. Specifically, to receive a sentence of 25-to-life third strikers, as they're called, would have to commit a third serious or violent felony. That means the courts could no longer sentence offenders to life in prison with the possibility of parole for like petty theft and an array of "less serious" crimes. In addition, third strikers in prison on less serious felonies could petition the court for earlier parole hearings.