In today's health news:
The prevalence of type 1 diabetes among children younger than five spiked 70 percent between 1985 and 2004, reports HealthDay, which experts attribute to "something in the environment." They aren't sure what that something is yet, although young children appear to be the ones who are most susceptible to it.
The Congressional Budget Office predicts that as more provisions of the Affordable Care Act go into effect, more Americans will move away from employer-provided health coverage. CNN says approximately 7 million people are expected to either lose or drop health coverage provided by their employer by 2022. But along with that, the number of people participating in the health insurance marketplaces is also expected to rise, from 7 million in 2014 to 24 million in 2016.
Women who are healthy, obese, able to bear children and use long-term, reversible contraception containing a hormone called progestin appear to have a slightly elevated risk for developing type 2 diabetes, compared to women who use non-hormonal contraception. The USC study, appearing in the journal Contraception, said the birth control methods are safe and effective, and did not change blood pressure, weight or cholesterol. The progestin did, however, seem to prompt more noticeable "metabolic changes," which could conceivably increase a woman's chances of developing diabetes. It's unclear if those effects are only temporary, said researchers, so more study is needed.
Federal health officials said Thursday that breastfeeding rates went up between 2000 and 2008 for all racial and ethnic groups. CBSNews.com reports that during that time, the number of women who breastfed increased 4 percent, and the difference between black and white mothers who breastfed shrunk by 8 percent.
About one in 12 stroke survivors in the U.S. report suicidal thoughts, which researchers thought was striking compared to survivors of other health conditions. The study, presented at the American Stroke Association's International Stroke Conference 2013, showed that while nearly 8 percent of stroke survivors contemplate suicide, the same is true for only 5.2 percent of heart attack survivors, 5.2 percent of diabetes patients and 4.1 percent of cancer patients. About 17 percent of stroke survivors experience depression.
Seen any young adults looking stressed-out lately? That's fairly normal, according to a new survey – TIME explains that while stress levels overall are on the decline, they're still hovering above healthy levels, especially among young adults. The survey revealed that one in five Americans reports experiencing extreme stress, and that only 17 percent report talking about their stress to a health provider.
And finally: BMJ has news on another stress study that says while work-related stress in itself is very unlikely to cause colorectal, lung, breast or prostate cancer, it can prompt people to smoke, drink excessively and eat unhealthily – all of which have been shown to be cancer risk factors.
Photo by Renu Parkhi via Flickr Creative Commons.