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Activists with the California Alliance for Retired Americans hold placards while gathered for a die-in to protest the government shutdown and possible effects on senior citizens in front of the Federal Building in Los Angeles on October 16, 2013.
Pew Research Center has declared the 113th Congress the least productive when it comes to passing "substantive laws" than any Congress in previous two decades.
Pew's definition of "substantive" excludes any legislation that is purely ceremonial, like post-office renamings or commemorative-coin authorizations. This year, Congress passed just 55 laws, compared to 63 in 2011. Altogether, Congress passed only 65 laws this year.
So what have Congress and the California State Legislature accomplished in 2013? What challenges lie ahead?
David Mark, founder of Politix (with an ‘x’) and co-author of the forthcoming book, “Politically Speaking” (Summer 2014, University Press of New England that looks at political language and cliches
Dan Walters, Political Columnist, Sacramento Bee