All Things Considered for Tuesday, September 17, 2013

In a slap to the United States, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff announced she is postponing her state visit to Washington. It was scheduled for Oct. 23 and would have been the first state visit of President Obama's second term. The postponement follows revelations that the National Security Agency spied on Rousseff, her top aides and Brazil's state-run oil company.

Once Considered A Backwater, Northeast Brazil Is Booming

The northeastern part of Brazil used to be considered the backwards part of the country, far from the riches of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo in the south. That's changed in recent years, and today, northeastern Brazil is experiencing an explosion of industry, propelling millions of people out of poverty and into the middle class. Melissa Block talks with businessman Alfredo Bezerra Leite, owner of a bus company and an engineering firm, and his daughter Rebeca Bezerra Leite, to learn about what's behind this growth in the Northeast.
In Ebony & Ivy, an MIT historian details how the nation's colleges helped justify and benefited from the slave trade.

CBO Report: Long-Term Deficit Picture Gloomy

The Congressional Budget Office reported Tuesday that the nation's long term deficit picture is gloomy, despite a slowed rate in the rise of healthcare costs. The biggest factors: Tax cuts locked into place by the fiscal cliff deal and the long-standing problems of an aging population.
President Obama has had more than his fair share of experience responding to mass shootings. How have these events have shaped Obama's presidency, and how has the president tried to respond?

Why Outlets Often Get It Wrong In Breaking News Coverage

Coverage of the Navy Yard shootings has been intensive and sometimes inaccurate. David Folkenflik talks with Audie Cornish about the pressures at work in covering a breaking story.
A judge has ordered a new trial for five former New Orleans police officers who were convicted of civil rights violations in the fatal shooting of two unarmed people in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina due to "grotesque prosecutorial misconduct." Robert Siegel talks to WWNO reporter Eve Troeh about the decision.

The Occupy Movement At 2: Many Voices, Many Messages

Demonstrators packed lower Manhattan on Tuesday, two years after the launch of the Occupy Wall Street movement. While Occupy's prominence has faded since becoming a household name in 2011, its supporters say the group's concerns have helped prompt a national conversation about income inequality.

Tom Odell: A Polarizing New Voice Shows Promise

The British musician is a fast-rising newcomer who's drawn both high praise and vicious pans in his home country. His debut album, Long Way Down, will likely draw similar reactions in the U.S., but the 22-year-old has considerable potential.

Memorials Held For Washington Navy Yard Shooting Victims

The names of all of the victims of yesterday's shootings at the Washington Navy Yard have now been released. Twelve people, mostly civilian employees of the Navy, were killed when a gunman opened fire in an office building in the complex Monday morning. The shooter also died. Memorials for some of the victims were held across the city Tuesday.

Navy Yard Shooting Raises Question Of Security Adequacy

The investigation continues into the shooting at the Navy Yard in Washington, DC. Authorities are trying to learn more about the shooter, Aaron Alexis. He received an honorable discharge from the Navy even after displaying a pattern of misconduct that included incidents involving guns. And members of Congress are asking whether security at the Navy Yard was adequate.
UN inspectors have concluded that it was in fact a chemical weapons attack that occurred outside Damascus, Syria on August 23rd. The report does not assign blame for the attack. But according to Peter Bouckaert, Emergencies Director for Human Rights Watch, a careful read of the evidence laid out in the UN report shows the Syrian regime is most likely behind the attack. He talks with Robert Siegel about the UN findings and what they imply.
Brazil's banks started giving easy credit about eight years ago. The country was booming, and a new consumer class was created, fueling growth. But that boom is now over, and Brazilians are some of the most indebted people in the world.

A Brazilian Writer's Love Letter To Rio De Janeiro

Writer Tatiana Salem Levy reads an excerpt from her short story "Blazing Sun." She writes about that moment "when the humidity reaches an unsustainable level, when you know that the hot, heavy, sticky weather is about to come undone in a downpour."
The good news: Median household incomes didn't decline in 2012. Bad news: Incomes didn't go up, either.

Frontrunner For Fed Chair Saw Financial Crisis Coming

Now that Larry Summers has withdrawn his name from consideration to lead the Federal Reserve, Janet Yellen, Vice Chair of the Fed, has emerged as the frontrunner. For more on Yellen and her career, Audie Cornish talks with Alan Blinder, a professor of economics at Princeton University.

Calculated To Win: Supercomputers Power America's Cup

The 2013 America's Cup isn't just about speed demons racing faster than the wind. These days, the 162-year-old international sailing competition is being powered by supercomputers. Tech teams are crunching the numbers to make small changes that mean a big difference in speed.

In 'Dads,' Fox Uses Offensive Humor As A Selling Point

Fox's new sitcom Dads features unflattering images and jokes about Asian-Americans, Latinos and women. Fox is promoting the film by embracing all the criticism that calls it offensive.
Melissa Block is in Olinda, Brazil where a street vendor teaches her the secret to making Brazilian-style tapioca.
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