David McNew/Getty Images
PALM SPRINGS, CA - MAY 5: A perigee moon, or supermoon, rises behind wind turbines on May 5, 2012 near Palm Springs, California. The moon appears especially big and bright during this once-a-year cosmic event as the full moon is at its closest to the Earth in its elliptical orbit. The perigee side of its orbit is about 31,000 miles closer than the opposite, or apogee, side. The bright light of the full moon also hides all but the brightest meteors of the Eta Aquarid meteor shower, the remnant debris trail of Halley's Comet. (Photo by David McNew/Getty Images)
If you look up in the sky Sunday night, you'll see the perigee full moon, which sounds cool, but not as cool as what you probably know it by: the Super Moon. The Super Moon will be the largest and closest of 2014.
KPCC’s science reporter Sanden Totten joined Take Two on Friday to talk more about what we can expect to see and what makes this super moon so special.
On what makes the super moon look super:
"The moon's orbit around the Earth is elliptical. That means that sometimes it's closer to the Earth than usual, and that's what happens during this full moon, so it's a coinciding of the moon being closer than usual and being full ... so the moon is actually going to be about 30,000 miles closer than the normal distance. And, as a bonus, it'll look about 30 percent brighter and maybe seven to 10 percent larger in the sky."
Other interesting elements of the super moon:
"There's actually an optical illusion, so if you catch the super moon when it's nice and bright and full, when it's low on the horizon, you may have noticed it looks ginormous some days. Well, it's not actually bigger in the sky, but it's a sort of trick of perspective when it's near things close to the horizon or at least, that's what scientists think is going on.
So, it'll look really big, and it'll look really bright. One of the cool things about the super moon: It's closer, so it actually has a slight more of an effect on tides ... high tides and low tides are about an inch greater or lesser than usual during this time, so there might be a little bonus for surfers who go out during the super moon."