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Johnny Cash’s unlikely collaboration with a Folsom Prison inmate




When Johnny Cash, left, performed at Folsom Prison in 1968, he included a song written by inmate Glen Sherley.
When Johnny Cash, left, performed at Folsom Prison in 1968, he included a song written by inmate Glen Sherley.
Dan Poush
When Johnny Cash, left, performed at Folsom Prison in 1968, he included a song written by inmate Glen Sherley.
The entry gate to Folsom Prison, where Johnny Cash performed in 1968.
KQED
When Johnny Cash, left, performed at Folsom Prison in 1968, he included a song written by inmate Glen Sherley.
Gene Beley was a young reporter who attended Johnny Cash's 1968 performance at Folsom Prison.
Chloe Veltmen


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The night before Johnny Cash’s legendary Jan. 13, 1968 appearance at Folsom Prison, a prison minister handed him a recording of inmate Glen Sherley’s song inspired by the penitentiary’s imposing granite chapel.

“John says, ‘Well, anybody got a tape recorder?’ So I raised my hand,” recalls Gene Beley, then a young reporter for the Ventura Star Free Press, who was there at the time. “And we put this little demo tape on there and it was ‘Greystone Chapel’ by Glen Sherley. And [Cash] says, ‘I want to record it.'”

Beley says Cash copied down the lyrics in his hotel room and started working on the song. The reporter later caught the rehearsal on tape. (If you listen to the audio version of this story, you can hear Cash and his band practice the new song. This tape has never been heard before by the public.)

Greystone Chapel at Folsom Prison was the inspiration for a song by inmate Glen Sherley.
Greystone Chapel at Folsom Prison was the inspiration for a song by inmate Glen Sherley.
CDCR

The next morning, Cash and his entourage recorded what would become one of the most influential albums of the twentieth century, "Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison."

Beley says Cash received a rapturous welcome at the penitentiary, located northeast of Sacramento. “All the guys [were] screaming and hollering and hootin’ and whistlin,” Beley says. “I had never been to another show that had those kind of reactions.”

Glen Sherley had a front-row seat in the prison’s drab cafeteria for the show. The convict was doing time for armed robbery. He had no idea that Cash had gotten hold of his song when Cash announced: “This song was written by our friend, Glen Sherley. I hope we do your song justice, Glen.”

Starting in 1957, Cash performed many prison concerts over the years, including four dates at Folsom. But the 1968 gig helped to relaunch the singer’s career, which was floundering at the time in large part due to his dependence on prescription pills.   

Cash and Sherley hit it off. A life‐long Christian who believed strongly in redemption, Cash did a lot to get his new friend on the right path. In 1971, he lobbied successfully to get the handsome inmate paroled, and gave him a job as a performer with his band. He even helped Sherley cut his own album.

Sherley did his best to adjust to his new life on the outside. He joined Cash’s crusade for prison reform, even testifying alongside his mentor at a U.S. Senate subcommittee hearing on the issue in 1972.

He also got married and adopted a son, Keith Sherley remembers his dad fondly. “My dad had a great laugh and a great smile,” he says. “We did a lot of things together and he was fun." 

And Cash’s drummer, W.S. “Fluke” Holland, says Sherley was a real gentleman on the road. “I don’t know of anybody I’ve ever been around who was nicer than Glen Sherley,” Holland says.

But Sherley found it hard to cope with being thrust under the spotlight after years in prison. Keith Sherley says his dad was battling drug addiction and wasn’t easy to live with. “There was a lot of domestic trouble between he and my mom,” Keith Sherley says. “There was a lot of problems with being consistent, with being reliable.”

The issues bled into his professional life. One of Cash's daughters, Tara Cash Schwoebel, says the parolee’s behavior became increasingly threatening and erratic. “And so my father realized that it was time to kind of break ties with him,” she says.

One of Johnny Cash's daughters, Tara Cash Schwoebel, says her father was devastated when Glen Sherley committed suicide.
One of Johnny Cash's daughters, Tara Cash Schwoebel, says her father was devastated when Glen Sherley committed suicide.
KQED

Eventually, Cash kicked Sherley out of the band. His marriage ended and his life spiraled out of control. He wound up living with his brother and working on a feedlot near Salinas. In 1978, he killed himself. He was 42.

Schwoebel says her father was devastated. “It was a wakeup call that he realized he couldn’t save everybody,” she says.

On the day Cash heard the tragic news, the singer drew a picture in his journal of a bird flying away from a prison cell window. Keith Sherley says he was shown the journal by a Cash scholar.

“And beneath it, he wrote the caption, ‘The Lord has set my soul free,'” Keith Sherley says, recalling that these are lyrics from “Greystone Chapel,” the song that brought the two men together. “I think John understood that released [Sherley's] soul, and that he was finally free from whatever demons that he had been dealing with.”



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