Multi-American | How immigrants are redefining 'American' in Southern California

14th Amendment, Section 1: The battle begins

A baby at a May Day rally in downtown Los Angeles, May 1, 2010
A baby at a May Day rally in downtown Los Angeles, May 1, 2010
Photo by Victoria Bernal/Flickr (Creative Commons)

After months of strategizing, the battle over the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is about to officially begin.

On Wednesday, two Arizona Republican leaders, including SB 1070 architect Sen. Russell Pearce, will introduce to press in Washington, D.C. the model legislation that they hope will force the U.S. Supreme Court to review and eventually reinterpret the constitutional right to U.S. citizenship for all those born in this country, with the goal of denying the right to children born to undocumented immigrants.

Arizona lawmakers will not be the only ones introducing the model legislation, the product of a larger coalition of state legislators who share the same goal. Legislators in at least 14 states plan to do the same, with the objective of prompting a judicial review.

Welcome to what will be one of the biggest immigration stories of 2011. So, as a primer, let me again post Section 1 of the 14th Amendment. It's pretty self-explanatory:

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

Read the entire 14th Amendment here.