The biggest news yet from the 2010 Census as state-by-state ethnic and racial data comes out is yesterday's numbers from Texas, which show that the state's Latino population has soared, accounting for 65 percent of its population growth between 2000 and 2010. The overall population growth will give Texas four additional seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, making for much speculation about how much of a political impact Latinos in the nation's second-most populous state will have.
Of the states whose data is out so far, Texas has by far the biggest share of Latino residents. But some of the biggest percentage growth seen yet is in states that are non-traditional destinations for Latinos, immigrants and their descendants. Though their overall Latino populations remain small, states like Arkansas, Maryland, Mississippi, and South Dakota are seeing triple-digit growth, and Virginia, home to a recent rash of of anti-illegal immigration activism, is close behind.
Here are the states with the biggest percentage growth in the Latino population so far, taken from an interactive census map:
Arkansas: + 114.2 percent (6.4 percent of total population)
Maryland: +106.5 percent (8.2 percent of total population)
Mississippi: + 105.9 percent (2.7 percent of total population)
South Dakota: + 102.9 percent (2.7 percent of total population)
Virginia: + 91.7 percent (7.9 percent of total population)
And here are the numbers for the rest of the states:
Oklahoma: + 85.2 percent (8.9 percent of total population)
Iowa: + 83.7 percent (5 percent of total population)
Indiana: + 81.7 percent (6 percent of total population)
Louisiana: + 78.7 percent (4.2 percent of total population)
Vermont: + 67.3 percent (1.5 percent of total population)
Texas: + 41.8 percent (37.6 percent of total population)
New Jersey: + 39.2 percent (17.7 percent of total population)
Illinois: + 32.5 (15.8 of total population)
The map also highlights the percentage change in other ethnic populations (for example, though still a small percentage of the total, Texas' Asian population is up 71.5 percent). California numbers aren't due out yet, but details for Alabama, Colorado, Hawaii, Missouri, Nevada, Oregon, Utah and Washington are due to be released next week.