California is poised to become a so-called "sanctuary state" after its legislature passed a bill Saturday that would establish new protections for people who entered the country illegally and send a clear signal of defiance against the Trump administration's tough approach to immigration enforcement.
The "California Values Act" would forbid state and local law enforcement agencies from providing information to or acting as the deputies for federal immigration authorities. The bill also prohibits police and sheriff officers from inquiring about a person's immigration status.
The bill was introduced just before President Trump's inauguration and met opposition from some in California law enforcement, including many local sheriffs who lobbied Calif. Gov. Jerry Brown to intervene, as KQED's Scott Shafer reported.
A compromise hammered out earlier this week between Brown and California Senate President Pro Tem Kevin de León carved out exceptions to the new restrictions.
The changes allowed state and local law enforcement to communicate with federal immigration authorities if a person has been convicted of certain crimes. Corrections officers would also be permitted to work with federal agencies.
The bill now heads to the governor's desk where he is expected to sign it.
Democrats used supermajorities in the state capitol to pass the bill they viewed as important to highlighting California's stance on shielding its estimated 2.3 million undocumented immigrants from Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
"This bill here today helps some of us to believe that California is a safe place for immigrants, that we are a Golden State," said Democratic Assemblyman Joaquin Arambula, the grandson of immigrants who came to California illegally.
While the revisions earlier this week disheartened some immigrant advocates, the compromise also awarded them additional victories. For instance, immigrant inmates would now be allowed to earn credits to reduce their sentences if they complete educational or rehabilitative programming while incarcerated.
Republicans in the California legislature remained opposed to the measure on Friday, saying it would tie the hands of law enforcement and compromise public safety.
"A lot of people talk about building a wall. This bill builds a wall between the federal government and our local partners and makes our communities less safe," said James Gallagher, a Republican assemblyman.
The exceptions created in the compromise earlier in the week were also not enough to win support for the bill from the California State Sheriffs' Association.
"Our overarching concern remains that limiting local law enforcement's ability to communicate and cooperate with federal law enforcement officers endangers public safety," the CSSA said in a statement.
However, Los Angeles County Sheriff Jim McDonnell supports the bill — after initially opposing it.
McDonnell issued a statement that read, in part:
"I strongly opposed SB 54 as initially introduced, because I viewed it as a threat to public safety... SB 54, as passed by the legislature, is a very different bill today. .. We can move beyond the bill’s early false premise that local law enforcement was going to act as immigration agents. This is fundamentally not true and I... While not perfect, SB 54 kept intact our ability to maintain partnerships with federal law enforcement officials who help us in the fight against gangs, drugs and human trafficking. It also retains the controlled access that the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement has to our jails."
The bill's passage comes less than a day after a federal judge in Chicago blocked the Trump administration's attempt to withhold grant money from so-called sanctuary cities.
The California Values Act would not necessarily make California the country's first "sanctuary state." Oregon passed a similar, though less protective, measure 30 years ago.