The University of California system promises a space for in-state students who are in the top 9% of high school graduates. In the beginning, that meant qualified seniors got their pick of campuses.
Those years are long gone. Now many top students are rejected from their schools of choice. The harsh truth facing generations of UC graduates is that they’d never get into their alma maters today.
To illustrate ever-toughening standards on the system's 150th anniversary, we’re taking a trip through a century of admissions standards for UCLA.
The early years
Here’s all you needed to get a spot at UCLA back in 1920: complete four years at an accredited high school, graduate, and convince your principal to complete a fill-in-the-blank letter of recommendation.
If only it were still that easy!
By the 1950s, UCLA admissions officers were asking more of incoming freshman: actual transcripts plus a $5 fee. That’s according to the general catalog for 1950-1951, which also called on prospective students to have grades that “demonstrate the ability to do university work with good prospect of success.”
That meant from your sophomore year on you needed an average of a B grade or better in required courses. But, applicants didn’t have to fret too much about that C in history. An A in English could balance that out.
Bottom line? UCLA in the 1950s was still within reach for the imperfect student.
By the 1967-68 academic year, some ominous language appears at the top of the admission section of the catalog. “The requirements outlined below should be regarded as necessary but not sufficient conditions of entrance; the enrollment of applicants who fulfill these requirements may have to be limited.” (Yes, we’ve added the emphasis.)
Three years later, the reality that good grades and good test stores didn’t guarantee you acceptance was spelled out even more clearly.
“Fulfilling the requirements stated below may not insure admission to the campus of first choice. On some campuses limits have had to be set for the enrollment of new students, and not everyone who meets the requirements can be admitted.”
But it wasn’t until the next decade, the 1980s, when getting into a school like UCLA got a whole lot tougher.
Up until 1986 students applied to each campus individually.
Then UC started allowing students to submit a single application to as many campuses as they wanted. That led to both a dramatic increase in applications and a precipitous drop in acceptance of students who met the requirements, according to a report from the University of California’s Office of the President.
And getting in was about to get increasingly difficult.
Let’s look at the numbers.
In 1989, UCLA’s admission rate was 42%.
Top students, those with a 4.0 GPA or better and an SAT score over 1400, were still basically guaranteed a yes. UCLA admitted 99% of kids who applied with those scores.
But the number of applicants to UC schools jumped in the past two decades-- driven by California’s growing population, by the popularity of UC schools, and by the simple fact that more kids want a college diploma.
By the Fall of 1999, UCLA was admitting only 29% of applicants. 82% of the students it admitted had a better than 4.0 GPA.
In 2009, UCLA’s admission percentage was down to 22%. Nearly 93% of students admitted had a GPA higher than 4.0.
And, of the 102,242 applicants to UCLA for the Fall of 2017, only 16% got in. 74% of admitted students from the US had GPA’s over 4.33.
Only 2% of US students with GPAs under 3.72 got in.
And only 46% of kids with a GPA over 4.34 earned a spot.
So, back to our original question: could you get into UCLA today?