Health was a persistent theme, if not the centerpiece, of President Trump's State of the Union address at the Capitol on Tuesday night.
The president laid out a series of health-related goals, including some that even Democrats indicated could be areas of bipartisan negotiation or compromise. Trump vowed to take on prescription drug prices, pursue an end to the HIV epidemic in the U.S. by 2030 and boost funding for childhood cancers.
He also took a victory lap for goals that his administration had accomplished. "We eliminated the very unpopular Obamacare individual mandate penalty," he said, referring to the requirement in the Affordable Care Act that most people must have health insurance or pay a fine. It was eliminated as part of the 2017 GOP tax bill, despite backlash from critics that it could undercut Obamacare, after many failed attempts by Republicans to repeal the law.
And Trump noted congressional passage of a "right-to-try" bill that was supposed to make it easier for terminally ill patients to gain access to experimental medications, but so far, few patients have been able to make the law work for them.
The most likely ground for bipartisanship will be the issue of drug prices, where Democrats are as eager as the president to do something to rein in prices.
"It is unacceptable that Americans pay vastly more than people in other countries for the exact same drugs, often made in the exact same place. This is wrong, this is unfair, and together we will stop it. We will stop it fast," he said. "I am asking the Congress to pass legislation that finally takes on the problem of global freeloading and delivers fairness and price transparency for American patients."
Democrats are cautiously optimistic on the drug price front. "I really am hopeful about making strides on prescription drug legislation this year on a bipartisan basis," Wendell Primus, top health aide to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., said at a conference for health policy researchers hours before the speech.
But not all of Trump's claims Tuesday about his efforts on drug pricing stand up to close scrutiny. He proclaimed that "in 2018, drug prices experienced their single-largest decline in 46 years." The drug-price portion of the consumer price index declined slightly last year for the first time since 1972, but prices for many individual drugs are still rising.
Factors beyond the administration's actions appear to have played the biggest role in the overall slowdown. Drug price increases have slowed largely because patents have expired on expensive, blockbuster drugs, and several years have passed since the introduction of expensive medicines to treat hepatitis C, according to independent analysts.
But even as consumer drug prices have moderated, drug spending per hospital admission soared 19 percent from 2015 to 2017, a study sponsored by hospital trade groups found last month. That includes anesthesia drugs, chemotherapy infusions and other medicines that are not counted in the CPI.
Some well-placed Republicans praised the drug price effort. "I expect deep-pocketed interests to oppose anything and everything to protect the status quo," said Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, chairman of the powerful Senate Finance Committee. "But the moment is ripe for action and Americans expect us to work together to get the job done."
News organizations including NPR and Kaiser Health News have reported on dozens of cases of surprise hospital bills, unaffordable costs for life-sustaining drugs and other health-expense shocks for patients.
Shereese Hickson, whose experience with a $123,000 bill for multiple sclerosis drugs was covered by KHN and NPR, was watching the speech. "I'm glad he mentioned it," she said of Trump's promise to bring transparency and competition to pharmaceutical prices. "But I would like to see if it really will come true. If you do that — that's going against the drug companies. They'll be losing money and they're not going to let that happen."
Paul Davis — a retired doctor from Findlay, Ohio, whose family's experience with a $17,850 bill for a simple urine test was detailed in a story that launched NPR-KHN's Bill of the Month project last year and who met with Trump about surprise billing last month — said he was disappointed Trump didn't go into further detail about his health care proposals.
"He didn't say anything," Davis said.
Davis said he would have liked to have heard more about the administration's recently announced plan to eliminate drug rebates negotiated by middlemen in the Medicare drug program, as well as the recently implemented policy requiring hospitals to list their prices online.
"If he wanted to use the podium to talk about the wonderful things that he's done, that's one of the things he's gotten accomplished," Davis said.
In their official responses to the speech, Democrats were more combative. "In this great nation, Americans are skipping blood pressure pills, forced to choose between buying medicine or paying rent," said Stacey Abrams, former Georgia House minority leader and a rising star in the national Democratic Party. "Maternal mortality rates show that mothers, especially black mothers, risk death to give birth. And in 14 states, including my home state where a majority want it, our leaders refuse to expand Medicaid, which could save rural hospitals, economies and lives."
California Attorney General Xavier Becerra, who gave the Spanish-language Democratic response, reminded viewers that while the Trump administration is seeking to have the Affordable Care Act overturned in court, Democrats would provide "medical care for your family that no politician can take away from you."
In another outreach to Democrats, Trump vowed that his budget "will ask Democrats and Republicans to make the needed commitment to eliminate the HIV epidemic in the United States within 10 years. Together, we will defeat AIDS in America," he said.
Groups that have been fighting HIV praised the promise.
"While we might have policy differences with the president and his administration, this initiative, if properly implemented and resourced, can go down in history as one of the most significant achievements of his presidency," said Michael Ruppal, executive director of The AIDS Institute.
Trump also promised that his budget, which has been delayed by the recent government shutdown, will seek new funding to expand research into cures and treatments for childhood cancer.
He said he will seek "$500 million over the next 10 years to fund this critical lifesaving research." The National Institutes of Health has long been a bipartisan favorite in Congress, although Trump in his first budget did seek cuts in NIH funding.
The one area in which bipartisanship will clearly not prevail is that of abortion. Trump reiterated a promise he made to anti-abortion groups as a candidate in 2016 and pushed for a federal bill to ban abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
"Let us reaffirm a fundamental truth: All children — born and unborn — are made in the holy image of God," he said.
Abortion opponents praised the president's comments. "Once again, President Trump has proved he is our nation's most pro-life president ever and he is keeping his promise to the voters who fueled his victory," said Marjorie Dannenfelser of the Susan B. Anthony List.
Abortion-rights supporters, meanwhile, chastised Trump's comments.
"Shame on the president for using the State of the Union to vilify people who have abortions and the providers who care for them," said Megan Donovan of the Guttmacher Institute. "Make no mistake: This is part of a larger agenda to eliminate access to abortion altogether."
Kaiser Health News is a nonprofit news service that is an editorially independent program of the Kaiser Family Foundation. KHN staff writers Jay Hancock, Emmarie Huetteman and Ana B. Ibarra contributed to this report.