Updated at 3:30 p.m. ET
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission says the executive who was in charge of Apple's insider trading policy himself committed insider trading in 2015 and 2016 — in one case, selling off about $10 million in Apple stock in advance of a quarterly earnings announcement.
That executive is Gene Levoff, who was until last year Apple's Senior Director of Corporate Law and Corporate Secretary. According to a complaint filed Wednesday in U.S. District Court in New Jersey, as head of the company's corporate law group, Levoff was responsible for ensuring compliance with Apple's insider trading policy, as well as determining the criteria for those employees — including himself — restricted from trading around quarterly earnings announcements.
But the SEC says that on at least three occasions in 2015 and 2016, Levoff used inside information about Apple's finances to avoid losses or make a profit for himself by trading Apple stock:
"For example, in July 2015 Levoff received material nonpublic financial data that showed Apple would miss analysts' third quarter estimates for iPhone unit sales. Between July 17 and the public release of Apple's quarterly earnings information on July 21, Levoff sold approximately $10 million dollars of Apple stock – virtually all of his Apple holdings – from his personal brokerage accounts. Apple's stock dropped more than four percent when it publicly disclosed its quarterly financial data. By trading on this material nonpublic information, Levoff avoided approximately $345,000 in losses."
The Department of Justice also announced it has charged Levoff with one count of securities fraud. The criminal charge carries a potential penalty of 20 years in prison and a $5 million fine.
Levoff, 44, became Apple's Senior Director of Corporate Law in 2013, after five years as its Director of Corporate Law. He was also chair of the company's Disclosure Committee — where he was was privy to "material nonpublic information about Apple's financial results" — from September 2008 until July 2018, when he was placed on leave. He was fired from Apple in September 2018.
The SEC's complaint points the finger squarely at Levoff, and not at Apple, which it says took steps to prevent employees from trading on material nonpublic information, including undisclosed financial results: "Apple had an insider trading policy that applied to all employees. Many employees, including Levoff, also received notice when restricted trading periods, known as 'blackout' periods, were in effect. The notices, emailed to employees subject to the blackout periods, reminded them of the insider trading policy, and since at least 2015, included a link to the insider trading policy."
According to the complaint, Levoff's role including sending, or supervising the sending, of those notification emails to individuals subject to trading restrictions around Apple's quarterly earnings announcements.
In 2015, Levoff also initiated and implemented an update to Apple's insider trading policy.
Apple did not immediately reply to NPR's request for comment.
The complaint alleges that that Levoff had also committed insider trading on three previous occasions in 2011 and 2012: "In each instance, after receiving an email stating that Apple's pre-earnings release blackout period had begun, Levoff bought thousands of shares of Apple stock before the company released its earnings to the public. He then sold them shortly after the public positive
announcements of Apple's quarterly earnings."
Levoff made approximately $245,000 in profit from those trades, according to the complaint.
The SEC wants Levoff to pay back the profits gained and losses avoided due to his alleged actions, which the commission says amounts to approximately $382,000. It also seeks a monetary penalty against Levoff, and to bar him from serving as an officer or director of a public company in the future.
Levoff is being sued in U.S. District Court in New Jersey. The computer servers on which many of the trades were executed are located in New Jersey, the SEC says.