The Trump administration has announced an ambitious plan to change treatment for kidney disease in this country.
President Trump signed an executive order Wednesday directing the Department of Health and Human Services to develop policies addressing three goals: reducing the number of patients developing kidney failure, reducing how many Americans get dialysis treatment in dialysis centers, and making more kidneys available for transplant.
"With today's action we're making crucial progress on another core national priority: the fight against kidney disease," President Trump said at a speech prior to signing the order.
Kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the U.S. and a major expense for the federal government. Medicare pays for end-stage renal disease treatment, including dialysis and kidney transplant.
"Taxpayers spend more on kidney disease — over $110 billion — than we do on the National Institutes of Health, The Department of Homeland Security and NASA combined," Joe Grogan, the head of the White House's Domestic Policy Council told reporters.
The executive order pushes for changes in three areas: prevention, dialysis care and kidney donation. To implement parts of the order, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services announced Wednesday five proposed new payment models intended to increase innovation in the delivery of kidney care.
One of the proposed new models includes efforts to incentivize in-home, or peritoneal dialysis.
Currently most dialysis is delivered in dialysis centers, a multi-billion dollar industry dominated by two for-profit companies. In-center dialysis can be time-consuming and burdensome for patients.
"Currently only 12% of American dialysis patients receive it at home. That would compared to 56% in Guatemala and 85% in Hong Kong," Azar said. "We want to get to 80% of those who are under treatment either in-home dialysis or transplanted eventually — so a radical change from where we stand now."
CMS administrator Seema Verma explained that the current system prioritizes payment to in-center dialysis, but her agency wants to start to incentivize in-home dialysis and transplants.
"The way we currently pay for chronic kidney disease and kidney failure isn't working well for patients," said Verma in a statement.
The executive order proposes to change the way Medicare providers are paid to motivate them to focus on preventing the progression of kidney disease. It also calls for an awareness campaign to help Americans with early stage kidney disease get treatment, Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar told reporters. "40% of Americans with some stage of kidney disease do not know they have it," he said.
Another focus of the executive order is the organ transplant system. Currently close to 100,000 people are on a waiting list for kidneys.
"Many, many people are dying while they wait," President Trump said, addressing a room full of kidney doctors, advocates and patients in Washington, D.C., just before signing the executive order. "We'll do everything we can to increase the supply ... of the available kidneys, and getting Americans off these waitlists."
Secretary Azar said he believes it's possible to double the number of kidneys available for transplant by 2030. "There is currently a lack of accountability and wide variability among these organ procurement organizations," he said. "The executive order will demand a much higher level of accountability." He also said living donors could receive compensation from the government for lost wages and child care.
Finally, the executive order encourages research and development of an artificial kidney, an innovation that could someday replace the need for transplants.
Administration officials touted Wednesday's news as the first major action related to kidney disease in decades. Previous administrations, including President Obama's, have suggested similar initiatives, but not much has changed.
Andy Slavitt, who ran the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services under President Obama praised today's announcement on Twitter. "Care of kidney patients has been broken in the U.S. for a long time, plagued with a corporate duopoly [and] a lower income minority population losing out," he wrote.
But he also pointed out that as it makes this announcement, the Trump Administration is arguing in court that the Affordable Care Act should be struck down as unconstitutional. "There is one law that makes this new change possible. The same law that requires people with [pre-existing] conditions get coverage. The ACA," he wrote. "Without it, there is no authority to do this."
It was unclear how quickly these changes could roll out. Frequently, Trump's executive orders instruct agencies to develop federal rules, a lengthy, bureaucratic process. One more immediate change is in how Medicare providers are reimbursed; CMS announced its proposed payment models would roll out starting in January 2020.